how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

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how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

trogne

In unit 5.4, he says this about "plug-and-play ROM chips " : "we burn our code, the machine instructions code, into a RAM chip. We take this RAM chip, we plug it into the computer, we press the Reset button, and the computer will start executing this particular program."

Here I'm pretty sure he meant "into a ROM chip. We take this ROM chip".

But my question is, how the code can even get burned inside ROM chip ?

In my understanding, a ROM chip is prebuilt, hard-wired, so that the code cannot be changed.

Is he talking about a programmable ROM, one that can understand the Hack machine language ?
But if so, when the computer is shutdown, how does that ROM stores the program if power is off ?

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Re: how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

cadet1620
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Yes, he meant ROM.

Except for special applications, most modern microcomputers have programmable ROM. This ROM can be erased and reprogrammed by an external device, variously called a ROM programmer, or debug probe, etc.

On some microcomputers the microcomputer itself can erase and reprogram portions of its program ROM. Erasing and reprogramming ROM is very much slower than accessing RAM, and the programmable ROM has a limited number of erase/program cycles before is wears out.

The most common type is Flash memory, the same as in USB memory sticks.
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Re: how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

trogne
I see ! THANKS!

I guess that the erase/reprogram of ROM does not involve (today) the changing of circuits/gates physically.

And that the means of activating/deactivating the pre-defined circuits/gates in the ROM, is by using the trapping of electrons in the non-conductive oxide layer, like it's done in a usb stick.

Right ?



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Re: how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

cadet1620
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Close enough. Read about "floating-gate MOSFET" if you want the details of the physics that makes them work.
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Re: how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

trogne
Excellent.  Thank you!
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Re: how machine language code can be burned inside ROM ?

joeroot
In reply to this post by trogne
I have also the same question that how machine language code can be burned inside ROM?, I Posted many forums for this answer, but sadly no one can reply me, that's why I go to Router support for help.
They told me the ay which I want to know.